= American Victory / = Confederate Victory / = Draw /(X) = Occupied Without Fight Bold - without link or (X) means an notable event occured and not a battle
In 1862 the armed forces of the United States undertook the first massive campaigns to defeat the southern Confederacy. Better organization, training, and leadership would be displayed on both sides as the combat became more intense. Young American citizen soldiers would find that war was not a romantic adventure and their leaders would learn that every victory had its price.
As the winter of 1861-62 wore on, McClellan exaggerated his difficulties and the enemy's strength, and discounted the Confederacy's problems. He drilled and trained the Army of the Potomac while western forces under his general command accomplished little. Lincoln and the Union waited impatiently for a conclusive engagement. But neither the Union nor the Confederate Army showed much inclination to move, each being intent on perfecting itself before striking a heavy blow.
The President was particularly eager to support Unionist sentiment in east Tennessee by moving forces in that direction. Above all he wanted a concerted movement to crush the rebellion quickly. In an effort to push matters Lincoln issued General War Order No. 1 on January 27, 1862. This order, besides superfluously telling the armies to obey existing orders, directed that a general movement of land and sea forces against the Confederacy be launched on February 22, 1862. Lincoln's issuance of an order for an offensive several weeks in advance, without considering what the weather and the roads might be like, has been scoffed at frequently. But apparently he issued it only to get McClellan to agree to move. Even before Lincoln sent the directive his intentions were overtaken by events in the western theater.
1st, Bowling Green, Kentucky 2nd, Morgan County, TN 5th, Fort Heiman, TN 6th, Fort Henry, TN 7th, Romney, West Virginia (X) 7th, TN River, TN 7th, Floridaint Hill, Virginia 7th, Hunter's Mill, Virginia 7th- 8th, Roanoake Island, North Carolina 8th, Linn Creek, Virginia 8th, Chickasaw, Mississippi 8th, Blue Stone River, West Virginia 8th, Bolivar, Missouri 9th, Marshfield, Missouri 10th, Elizabeth City, North Carolina(X) 10th, Barnwell's Island, South Carolina 11th, Edisto Island, South Carolina (X) 12th, Edenton, North Carolina (X) 12th Moorefield, West Virginia 12th, Springfield, Missouri 13th, Fort Heiman, TN 13th, Blooming Gap, Virginia 13th, Springfield, Missouri (X) 14th, Cumberland Gap, TN 14th, Cane Creek, Missouri 14th, Bloomery, West Virginia 14th, Floridaat Lick Ford, Kentucky 14th-15th, Bowling Green, Kentucky (X) 14th-16th, Fort Donelson, TN 15th, near Flat Creek, Missouri 15th, Venus Point, Georgia 16th, Pott's Hill/ Sugar Creek, Arkansas 16th, USS St. Louis destroys ironworks 17th, Dunigan's Farm, Arkansas 17th, Pea Ridge/ Sugar Creek, Arkansas 18th, Independence, Missouri 18th, Bentonville, Arkansas 18th, Mount Vernon, Missouri 19th, Clarksville, TN (X) 19th, Fort Defiance, TN (X) 19th, West Plains, Missouri 21st, Valverde, New Mexico 22nd, ArkansasBay, Texas 22nd, Independence, Missouri 23rd, Fayetteville, Arkansas(X) 23rd, Pea Ridge Prairie, Missouri 24th, Harper's Ferry, West Virginia (X) 24th, Mingo Creek/ near St. Francisville, Missouri 24th, New Madrid, Missouri 24th, St. Clair County, Missouri 24th, Henry County, Missouri 24th, Lewis' Chapel, Virginia 25th, Nashville, TN 25th, Loudon County, Virginia 25th, Keetsville, Missouri 26th, Keytesville, Missouri 26th, USS Minnetonka burned 28th, Charleston, Virginia # 28th, Osage Springs/ near Fayetteville, Arkansas