= American Victory / = Confederate Victory / = Draw /(X) = Occupied Without Fight Bold - without link or (X) means an notable event occured and not a battle
During the administration of President James Buchanan, 1857-61, tensions over the issue of extending slavery into the western territories mounted alarmingly and the nation ran its inexorable course toward disunion. Along with slavery, the shifting social, economic, political, and constitutional problems of the fast-growing country fragmented its citizenry. After open warfare broke out in Kansas Territory among slaveholders, abolitionists, and opportunists, the battle lines of opinion hardened rapidly. President Buchanan quieted Kansas by using the Regular Army, but it was too small and too scattered to suppress the struggles that were almost certain to break out in the border states.
In 1859 John Brown, who had won notoriety in "Bleeding Kansas," seized the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry in a mad attempt to foment a slave uprising within a slaveholding state. Again federal troops were called on to suppress the new outbreak, and pressures and emotions rose on the eve of the 1860 elections. Republican Abraham Lincoln was elected to succeed Buchanan; although he failed to win a majority of the popular vote, he received 180 of the 303 electoral votes. The inauguration that was to vest in him the powers of the Presidency would take place March 4, 1861. During this lame-duck period, Mr. Buchanan was unable to control events and the country continued to lose its cohesion.
1st, Texas secedes from Union 7th, Choctaw Indian Nation joins the CSA 8th, Little Rock, Arkansas (X) 12th, Napolean, Arkansas (X) 16th, San Antonio, Texas (X) 18th, San Antonio, Texas 18th, Jefferson Davis becomes President 20th, Confederate Navy established 21st, Brazos Santiago, Texas (X)
1st, Boone's Courthouse, West Virginia 1st, Blue Creek, West Virginia 1st, Burlington, West Virginia 1st, Bennight's Mills, Missouri 1st, near Fort Scott, Kansas 2nd, Pensacola, Florida 2nd, Dry Wood Creek, Missouri 2nd, Hawk's Nest, Virginia 2nd, Worthington, Virginia 2nd, Beller's Mills/ near Harper's Ferry, Virginia 2nd, Dry Wood Creek, Missouri 2nd, Dallas, Missouri 3rd, Columbus, Kentucky (X) 3rd, Hickman, Kentucky (X) 4th, Columbus, Kentucky 4th, Hickman, Kentucky 4th, Great Falls, Maryland 4th, Shelbina, Missouri 5th, Papinsville, Missouri 6th, Paducah, Kentucky 6th, Rowell's Run, West Virginia 6th, Monticello Bridge, Missouri 7th, Santa Ana Canyon, CA 7th, Petersburg, West Virginia 8th-10th, Lucas Bend, Missouri 9th, Sheperdstown, West Virginia 10th, Carnifex Ferry, West Virginia 10th, Lewinsville, Virginia 11th, Lewinsville, Virginia 11th, Cheat Mountain Pass, West Virginia 11th, Cheat Summit, West Virginia 11th, Point Mountain Summit, West Virginia 11th, Elk Water, West Virginia 12th, Black River/ near Ironton, Missouri 12th, Petersburg, West Virginia 12th, Peytona, West Virginia 12th-15th, Cheat Mountain, West Virginia 13th, Boonville (Second), Missouri 13th-20th, Lexington, Missouri 14th, Pensacola, Florida 14th, Old Randolph, Missouri 14th, USS Albatross vs. Alabama 15th, Prichard's Mills/ Darnestown, Virginia 16th, Princeton, Virginia 16th, Ship Island, Mississippi (X) 16th, Cumberland River, Kentucky 16th, Seneca Creek/ near Poolesville, Maryland 16th, Magruder's Ferry, Virginia 17th, Harper's Ferry, Virginia 17th, Liberty, Missouri 17th, Blue Mills Landing, Missouri 17th, near Point of Rocks, Maryland 17th, Morristown, Missouri 18th, Bowling Green, Kentucky (X) 18th, Berlin, Maryland 19th, Barboursville, Kentucky 20th, Seneca Creek, Virginia 22nd, Papinsville/ Osceola, Missouri 22nd, Mayfield Creek, Kentucky 22nd, Elliot's Mill/ Camp Crittenden, Missouri 23rd, Romney/ Hanging Rock, West Virginia 23rd, Eucheeanna Courthouse, Florida 23rd, Cassville, West Virginia 23rd, Albany, Kentucky 23rd, Mechanicsburg Gap, West Virginia 24th, Point of Rocks, Maryland 25th, Smithland, Kentucky (X) 25th, near Chapmansville, West Virginia 25th, Lewinsville, Virginia 25th, Canada Alamosa, New Mexico 25th, Freestone Point, Virginia 26th, near Fort Thorn, New Mexico 26th, near Belmont, Missouri 26th, Clay County, Kentucky 26th, Muddy River/ Lucas Bend, Kentucky 27th, near Norfolk, Missouri 27th, Shanghai, Missouri 28th-29th, Munson's Hill, Virginia 29th, Albany, Kentucky 29th, Hopkinsville, Kentucky 29th, Travisville, Tennesse 29th, Berlin, Maryland 29th, Bailey's Cross Roads, Virginia