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Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early

NAME
Early, Jubal A
BORN
November 3, 1816
Franklin City, Virginia
DIED
March 2, 1894
Lynchburg, Virginia
ARMY
Confederate

Part of a prominent family, he attended local schools. He went to West Point in 1833. Graduating in 1837, he ranked 18 out of 50 in his class. He fought in the Seminole War, then resigned from the service to become a lawyer and legislator in Rocky Mount, Virginia. While he voted against secession in the state convention of 1861, he chose to join the state forces in Lynchburg when Virginia seceded, and was commissioned as a Colonel in the 24th Virginia.
After Virginia's official secession, Early joined his regiment in Manassas Junction. He commanded troops at Blackburn's Ford, then served under Brigadier Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard at the battle of 1st Bull Run. His actions at 1st Bull Run impressed his superiors so much that he was appointed a Brigadier General.

Early fought under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston in the Army of Northern Virginia , and was shot in the shoulder at Williamsburg. He remained on the field, however, until he was removed and taken to a hospital. After his quick recovery, he returned to the field, commanding a brigade in the battle of Malvern Hill. He later served at the battles of Cedar Mountain, the 2nd Bull Run, Antietam and Fredericksburg. Promoted to major general to rank from January 17, 1863, he was placed in charge of a division. Early's work in the Gettysburg Campaign kept him high in Gen. Robert E. Lee's estimation, and Early was appointed lieutenant general as of May 31, 1864.

After taking part in the battle at Cold Harbor, he led his troops across the Potomac River and score a victory, probably the most important of his career, at Monocacy. Nevertheless, Early's operation there alerted Union forces in the Washington area, forcing Early to abandon his plans to attack the capital. Along his retreat, he took part in the burning of Chambersburg, in revenge for the Union's destruction of the Shenandoah Valley. Early went on to lead troops against Major Gen. Philip H. Sheridan at Fisher's Hill, Winchester, Cedar Creek, and Waynesborough.

After the Confederacy surrendered, Early traveled to Texas in disguise, then went to Havana, Cuba and Toronto, Canada. While in Canada, he wrote "A Memoir of the Last Year of the War" in 1867, then returned to Lynchburg in 1869 and resumed his law practice. He refused to accept the Confederate defeat graciously, unlike many of his Confederate colleagues.

Later in life, he supervised the Louisiana State Lottery, and was the first president of the Southern Historical Society. He revised his memoir and published it as "Autobiographical Sketches" in 1912, exhibiting his defiance toward reconstruction.

During the war, Early was a profane and cantankerous fighter.

Promotions:

  • Colonel - May ??, 1861
  • Brigadier General - July ??, 1861
  • Major General - January 17, 1863
  • Lieutenant General - May 31, 1864

Major Commands:

  • Early’s Brigade/D.H. Hill's Division
  • Elzey's Brigade/Ewell’s Division
  • Ewell’s Division/II Corps
  • Early’s Division/II Corps
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