Confederate Forces Commanded by Brig. Gen. Richard H. Anderson
Conclusion: Union Victory
After midnight on October 9, Brig. Gen. Richard Anderson crossed from the mainland to Santa Rosa Island with 1,200 men in 2 small steamers to surprise Union camps and capture Fort Pickens. He landed on the north beach about 4 miles east of Fort Pickens and divided his command into 3 columns.
After proceeding about three miles, the Confederates surprised the 6th Regiment, New York Volunteers, in its camp and routed the regiment. Anderson then adopted a defensive stance to entice the Federals to leave the fort and attack. Receiving reinforcements, Col. Harvey Brown sallied against the Confederates, who reembarked and returned to the mainland.