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Union Prisoner of War Camps

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Search, View, Print Union & Confederate Civil War Prisoner of War Records, 1861-1865

Arkansas Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Little Rock 3 1864-1865 718 3 217
Prison Types: 3) Old buildings converted into prisons.

California Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Mare's Island 4 1863 20 0 0
Prison Types: 4) Barracks enclosed by high fences.

Washington D.C. Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Arsenal Penitentiary 1 1861
Carroll (Duff's Green Row) 3 1862-1865 1,000 2,763 16 457
Forrest Hall (Georgetown) 3 1861-1862
Old Capitol 3 1861-1865 500 2,763 16 457+
Washington County Jail 1 1861 100 240
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison 3) Old buildings converted into prisons.

Delaware Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Fort Delaware 2 1861-1865 12,600 52 2,460
Prison Types: 2) Coastal fortification.

Florida Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Fort Jefferson (Dry Tortugas Islands) 2 1864-1865 900+ 1,729
Fort Pickens 2 1862-1865 146 11 2
Prison Types: 2) Coastal fortification.

Kansas Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Fort Riley 2 1862 17 0 0
Prison Types: 2) Coastal fortification.

Kentucky Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Columbus 1 1862
Lexington 1 1862-1864
Louisville 1 & 4 1863-1865 6,737 25 343
Paducah 3 1862-1863
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons; 4) Barracks enclosed by high fences.

Illinois Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Alton 1 1862-1865 800 1,891 120 1,508
Camp Butler (Springfield) 4 1862-1863 2,100 2,186 203 866
Camp Douglas (Chicago) 4 1862-1865 6,000 12,082 317+ 4,454
Rock Island 4 1863-1865 10,080 8,607 41 1,960
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 4) Barracks enclosed by high fences.

Indiana Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Camp Morton (Indianapolis) 3 & 7 1862-1865 2,000 5,000 150+ 1,763
Evansville 3 1862 500
Fort Wayne 3 1862 500
Lafayette 3 1862 500 28
New Albany 3 1862 500
Richmond 3 1862-1863 500 500
Terre Haute 3 1862 500
Prison Types: 3) Old buildings converted into prisons; 7) Barren ground.

Maryland Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Baltimore City Jail 1 1861-1863 700
Camp Thunder 3 1862
Fort McHenry (Baltimore Bastille) 2 1861-1865 600 6,957 37 33
Hope Slater 1 1861-1863
Point Lookout (Camp Hoffman) 5 1863-1865 10,000 22,000 50 3,584
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 2) Coastal fortification; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons; 5) Cluster of tents enclosed by high fences.

Massachusetts Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Fort Jefferson
Fort Warren 2 1861-1865 175 394 4 12
Prison Types: 2) Coastal fortification.

Missouri Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Benton's Barrack 3 1861-1862
Gratiot State Penitentiary 3 1861-1865 500 1,800 109+ 1,140
Guerrilla Prison (Bingham Building) 3 1863 15 5
Kansas City 3 1863 15 5
Missouri Penitentiary (Jefferson City) 1 1864 15 0
Myrtle State Penitentiary (Lynch's Slave Pen) 3 1861-1865 100 150
St. Charles 1 1861
Schofield Barracks 3 1861
Springfield 3 1861
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons.

Mississippi Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Fort Massachussetts (Ship Island) 2 1862-1863
Prison Types: 2) Coastal fortification.

New Mexico Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Fort Craig 3 1861 0
Prison Types: 3) Old buildings converted into prisons.

New York Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Albany Penitentiary 1 1862-1863
Castle Williams (Governor's Island) 2 1861-1865 250 713
David's Island 4 & 5 1863-1865 1,800 3,000
Edward's Island 5 1863-1864
Elmira 4 1864-1865 5,000 9,441 17 2,933
Fort Columbus (Governor's Island) 2 1861-1865 250
Fort Lafayette (American Bastille) 2 1861-1865 50 163 2 2+
Fort Schuyler 2 1864-1865 500 500
Fort Wood (Bedloe's Island) 2 1861,
1863-1864
108 3
Hart's Island 4 & 5 1865 3,446 4 235
Ludlow Street Jail 1 1861
New York City (13 prisons) 1 - 5 1861-1865
Riker's Island 4 1864-1865 1,000 1,000
Tombs 1 1861-1862 300 40
Ward's Island 4 1863-1864
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 2) Coastal fortification; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons; 4) Barracks enclosed by high fences; 5) Cluster of tents enclosed by high fences.

Ohio Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Camp Chase (Columbus) 4 1861-1865 4,000 9,423 37 2,260
Camp Dennison 3 1862
McClean Barracks (Cincinnati) 3 1863-1864 179 10 4
Johnson's Island 4 1862-1865 1,000 3,256 12 235
Ohio State Penitentiary 1 1863-1864 68 5
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons; 4) Barracks enclosed by high fences; .

Pennsylvania Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Allegheny Penitentiary 1 1862-1864
Chester 3 1863
Fort Delaware 2 1861-1865 12,600 52 2,460
Fort Mifflin 2 1863-1864 200 215 42 3
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 2) Coastal fortification; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons.

Tennessee Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Memphis (Irving Block) 3 1864-1865 582 1 3
Nashville (Tennessee State Penitentiary, Maxwell House) 3 1863-1865 7,460 36 359
Prison Types: 3) Old buildings converted into prisons.

Virginia Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Fort Monroe 2 1861-1865 50 0
Fort Norfolk 2 1864
Newport News 5 1865 10,000 3,490 17 168
Libby Prison 1 1865-1868
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 2) Coastal fortification; 5) Cluster of tents enclosed by high fences .

West Virginia Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Charleston 1 1862-1863
Wheeling (Atheneum) 1 & 3 1863-1865 497 12 2
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons.

Wisconsin Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Camp Randall (Wisconsin) 4 1862 3,000 1,260 142
Prison Types: 4) Barracks enclosed by high fences.
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