= American Victory / = Confederate Victory / = Draw /(X) = Occupied Without Fight Bold - without link or (X) means an notable event occured and not a battle
In 1862 the armed forces of the United States undertook the first massive campaigns to defeat the southern Confederacy. Better organization, training, and leadership would be displayed on both sides as the combat became more intense. Young American citizen soldiers would find that war was not a romantic adventure and their leaders would learn that every victory had its price.
As the winter of 1861-62 wore on, McClellan exaggerated his difficulties and the enemy's strength, and discounted the Confederacy's problems. He drilled and trained the Army of the Potomac while western forces under his general command accomplished little. Lincoln and the Union waited impatiently for a conclusive engagement. But neither the Union nor the Confederate Army showed much inclination to move, each being intent on perfecting itself before striking a heavy blow.
The President was particularly eager to support Unionist sentiment in east Tennessee by moving forces in that direction. Above all he wanted a concerted movement to crush the rebellion quickly. In an effort to push matters Lincoln issued General War Order No. 1 on January 27, 1862. This order, besides superfluously telling the armies to obey existing orders, directed that a general movement of land and sea forces against the Confederacy be launched on February 22, 1862. Lincoln's issuance of an order for an offensive several weeks in advance, without considering what the weather and the roads might be like, has been scoffed at frequently. But apparently he issued it only to get McClellan to agree to move. Even before Lincoln sent the directive his intentions were overtaken by events in the western theater.
1st, Bowling Green, Kentucky 2nd, Morgan County, TN 5th, Fort Heiman, TN 6th, Fort Henry, TN 7th, Romney, West Virginia (X) 7th, TN River, TN 7th, Floridaint Hill, Virginia 7th, Hunter's Mill, Virginia 7th- 8th, Roanoake Island, North Carolina 8th, Linn Creek, Virginia 8th, Chickasaw, Mississippi 8th, Blue Stone River, West Virginia 8th, Bolivar, Missouri 9th, Marshfield, Missouri 10th, Elizabeth City, North Carolina(X) 10th, Barnwell's Island, South Carolina 11th, Edisto Island, South Carolina (X) 12th, Edenton, North Carolina (X) 12th Moorefield, West Virginia 12th, Springfield, Missouri 13th, Fort Heiman, TN 13th, Blooming Gap, Virginia 13th, Springfield, Missouri (X) 14th, Cumberland Gap, TN 14th, Cane Creek, Missouri 14th, Bloomery, West Virginia 14th, Floridaat Lick Ford, Kentucky 14th-15th, Bowling Green, Kentucky (X) 14th-16th, Fort Donelson, TN 15th, near Flat Creek, Missouri 15th, Venus Point, Georgia 16th, Pott's Hill/ Sugar Creek, Arkansas 16th, USS St. Louis destroys ironworks 17th, Dunigan's Farm, Arkansas 17th, Pea Ridge/ Sugar Creek, Arkansas 18th, Independence, Missouri 18th, Bentonville, Arkansas 18th, Mount Vernon, Missouri 19th, Clarksville, TN (X) 19th, Fort Defiance, TN (X) 19th, West Plains, Missouri 21st, Valverde, New Mexico 22nd, ArkansasBay, Texas 22nd, Independence, Missouri 23rd, Fayetteville, Arkansas(X) 23rd, Pea Ridge Prairie, Missouri 24th, Harper's Ferry, West Virginia (X) 24th, Mingo Creek/ near St. Francisville, Missouri 24th, New Madrid, Missouri 24th, St. Clair County, Missouri 24th, Henry County, Missouri 24th, Lewis' Chapel, Virginia 25th, Nashville, TN 25th, Loudon County, Virginia 25th, Keetsville, Missouri 26th, Keytesville, Missouri 26th, USS Minnetonka burned 28th, Charleston, Virginia # 28th, Osage Springs/ near Fayetteville, Arkansas
1st, Barnett's Ford/ Harrison's Landing, Virginia 1st, Newark, Missouri 1st, Forsythe/ Ozark, Missouri 1st, Grand River, Missouri 1st, Carrollton, Missouri 1st, Barnett's Farm, Virginia 2nd, Jonesborough, Arkansas 2nd, Orange Court House, Virginia 2nd, Malvern Hill, Virginia (X) 2nd, Orange Court House, Virginia 2nd, Wyoming Court House, West Virginia 2nd, Clear Creek/ near Taberville, Missouri 2nd, near Trotten's Plantation, Mississippi 2nd, Coahoma County, Mississippi 2nd, Austin, Mississippi 3rd, Chariton Bridge, Missouri 3rd, L'Anguille Ferry, Arkansas 3rd, Jackson, Arkansas 3rd, Scattersville, Arkansas 3rd, Greenbrier River, West Virginia 3rd, Morganfield, Kentucky 3rd, Nonconah Creek/ near Sparta, TN 3rd, Sycamore Church, Virginia 4th, Gay Mont Plantation, Virginia 4th, Sinking Creek, Missouri 4th, near Woodville, Alabama 4th, Gayoso, Missouri 4th, White River/ near Forsyth, Missouri 5th, Massapanax Church, Virginia 5th, New Market, Alabama 5th, Decherd, TN 5th, Montevallo, Missouri 5th, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 5th, Malvern, Missouri 5th, White Oak Swamp, Virginia 5th, near Craneville, Missouri 5th, Wyoming Court House, West Virginia 5th, Sparta, TN 6th, Kirksville, Missouri 6th, Matapony, Virginia 6th, Tazewell, TN 6th, CSS Arkansas destroyed 6th, Malvern Hill, Virginia 6th, Thornburg, Virginia 6th, Beech Creek, West Virginia 6th, Massaponax Church, Virginia 6th, Pack's Ferry/ New River, West Virginia 6th, Kirksville, Missouri 6th, near Fort Gaston, CA 7th, Moseley's Plantation, Alabama 7th, Wood Springs, TN 7th, near Fort Fillmore, New Mexico 7th, Liberty Mills, Virginia 7th, Rocky Bluff, Missouri 7th, near Montevallo, Missouri 7th, Wolftown, Virginia 8th, Cumberland Gap, TN 8th, Panther Creek/ near Newtonia, Missouri 8th, near Stockton, Missouri 8th, Slaughter's House, Virginia 8th, near Madison Court House, Virginia 8th, Panther Creek, Missouri 9th, Cedar Mountain, Virginia 9th, Walnut Creek, Missouri 9th, Sears' Ford/ Chariton River, Missouri 9th, Salem, Missouri 9th, Donaldsville, Louisiana 10th, Nueces River, Texas 10th, CSS General Lee captured 10th, Bayou Sara, Louisiana 10th, Cedar Run, Virginia 10th, Switzler's Mill, Missouri 10th, Linn Creek, Missouri 10th, Donaldsonville, Louisiana 11th, Compton's Ferry/ Little Compton, Missouri 11th, Saulsbury, TN 11th, Independence, Missouri 11th, Grand River, Missouri 11th, Valesco, Texas 11th, Taberville, Missouri 11th, near Helena, Arkansas 11th, Brown's Plantation, Mississippi 11th, near Kinderhook, TN 11th, Williamsport, TN 12th, Gallatin, TN 12th, USS Arthur vs. CSS Breaker, CSS Elma, and CSS Hannah 12th, Stockton, Missouri 12th, Humansville, Missouri 12th, Van Buren, Missouri 13th, Yellow Creek, Missouri 13th, Gallatin, TN 13th, Huntsville, TN 13th, near Medon, TN 13th, Black River, South Carolina 13th-14th, Blue Stone, West Virginia