AKA The War Between the States, War of the Rebellion, War of Secession, War for Southern Independence, War for the Union, Second American Revolution, War of Northern Aggression and War of Southern Aggression
The American Civil War was fought during 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864 & 1865. Issues involving the slavery for the North and states rights for the South erupted into a full-scale war following the election of Abraham Lincoln
The Border States (Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri) began with both Union and Confederate Governments till near the end of the war.
The war began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter. and ended on June 22, 1865 with the Confederate raider CSS Shenandoah firing the last shot of the Civil War in the Bering Strait, more than two months after General Lee's surrender at Appomattox.