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Confederate Prisoner of War Camps

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Search, View, Print Union & Confederate Civil War Prisoner of War Records, 1861-1865

Alabama Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Cahaba (Castle Morgan) 3 1863-1865 500 3,000 225
Mobile 3 1863-1865
Montgomery 3 1861, 1864-1865
Selma 3 1864-1865
Talladega 3 1864
Tuscaloosa 3 1861-1863
Prison Types: 3) Old buildings converted into prisons.

Florida Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
St. Augustine (Castle San Marcos) 2 1861
Prison Types: 2) Coastal fortification.

Georgia Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Americus 1, 2, 3 1861, 1863-1864
Andersonville (Camp Sumter, Castle Reed) 6 1864-1865 10,000 32,899 329 12,919
Atlanta (East Point, Fulton County Jail) 1 & 7 1861-1864
Augusta 1 1861, 1863-1864
Blackshear 6 1864 5,000 5,000+
Dalton 7 1864
Macon (Camp Oglethorpe) 3 & 6 1862-1864 600 2,300
Marietta 3 1863
Millen (Camp Lawton) 6 1864 10,299 488+
Savannah (3 prisons) 1, 5, 7 1864 6,000 2+
Thomasville 3 1864-1865
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 2) Coastal fortification; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons; 5) Cluster of tents enclosed by high fences; 6) Barren stockades; 7) Barren ground.

Louisiana Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Baton Rouge 3 1861-1862
Parish (New Orleans) 1 1861-1862
Shreveport 3 1863
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons.

Mississippi Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Jackson (Bridge Prison) 3 1863
Meridian 4 1863-1865 700 700 0 0
Prison Types: 2) Coastal fortification; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons; 4) Barracks enclosed by high fences.

North Carolina Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Charlotte 7 1865 1,800 1,200 30+
Goldsborough 3 & 7 1864-1865 500+ 0
Greensboro 7 1865 1,800 1,800 0
Raleigh 3, 4, 7 1861-1865 500 600+
Salisbury 3 & 5 1861-1865 2,000 10,321 500+ 3,700
Prison Types: 3) Old buildings converted into prisons; 4) Barracks enclosed by high fences; 7) Barren ground.

South Carolina Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Charleston Race Track 2 1861
Beaufort
Blackstone
Castle Pinckney 2 1861-1862 150 300 0 0
Charleston County Jail 1 & 5 1861-1865 300 900 0 0
Charleston Guard House 1 1861-1865 300 300 0 0
Camp Sorghum 1 0 0
Camp Asylum/Lunacy 1 0 0
Killian's Mill
Camp Maxey Gregg
Columbia
Florence 6 1864-1865 1,500+
Hilton Head 3 1864 86 0 0
O'Conner House
Richland County Jail 1 1864-1865 500 0 0
Roper Hospital 3 1864 200+ 0 0
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 2) Coastal fortification; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons; 4) Barracks enclosed by high fences; 5) Cluster of tents enclosed by high fences; 6) Barren stockades; 7) Barren ground.

Tennessee Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Fort Misner (Columbia) 1 1864
Knoxville 1 1861-1862
Memphis (Botanico-Medical) 1 & 3 1861-1863
Swim's Jail 1 1862-1863
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons.

Texas Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Boerne (Prison Town) 6 1862 350 0 0
Camp Ford 6 1863-1865 4,900 4+ 232+
Camp Groce (Hempstead) 3 1863 500+ 20
Camp Van Dorn (Salado Camp) 7 1861
Camp Verde 7 1861-1862 350 0 0
Galveston 3 1863 100 0 0
Houston 3 1863 100 0 0
Huntsville (Texas State Penitentiary) 1 1863 232 0
San Antonio 3 1861 360+ 0
San Pedro Springs 7 1862 350+ 0
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 2) Coastal fortification; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons; 4) Barracks enclosed by high fences; 5) Cluster of tents enclosed by high fences; 6) Barren stockades; 7) Barren ground.

Virginia Prisoner of War Camps

P.O.W. Camp Name Prison Type Operation Years Max Prisoner Capacity Max Prisoner Held Escapes Deaths
Alexandria (Prince Street Jail) 1 1861 0
Atkinson's Factory 3 1861-1865
Barrett's Factory 3 1862-1865 1,200
Belle Isle 6 1862-1864 3,000 10,000 300+
Castle Godwin (Lumpkin's / McDaniel's Jail) 3 1861-1862 75 600 0
Castle Lightning 3 1862
Castle Thunder 1 1862-1865 1,400 3,000+
Danville 3 1863-1865 3,700 4,000 70+ 1,297
E.D.M. Prison 3 1862-1865
Edward's Prison 3 1862-1865
Gordonsville 3 1862
Grant's Factory 3 1863-1865
Gwathmey Warehouse 3 1861-1862
General Hospital #1 (Shockoe Hill) 1 1861-1863
Harwood's Factory 3 1861-1865
Henrico County Jail 1 1861-1865
Howard's Factory 3 1861-1865
Libby Warehouse 3 1862-1865 1,000 4,221 60+ 20+
Ligon's Warehouse 3 1861-1862 500 600
Lynchburg 1, 3, 7 1862-1864 500 500+
Mayo's Factory 3 1861-1863 500 500
McCurdy's Warehouse 3 1862-1863
Pemberton's Warehouse (Crew's) 3 1861-1862
Petersburg 3 & 7 1863-1865
Richmond City Jail 1 1861-1862
Richmond (15 prisons) 1 & 3 1861-1865 13,500 200+
Ross's Factory 3 1862-1865 200 0
Scott's Factory 3 1863-1865
Smith's Factory 3 1863-1865
Taylor's Factory 3 1861-1862
Warwick & Barksdale Mill 3 1862-1863 4,000
Winchester (Frederick County Jail) 1 & 3 1862-1864
Prison Types: 1) Existing jail/prison; 2) Coastal fortification; 3) Old buildings converted into prisons; 4) Barracks enclosed by high fences; 5) Cluster of tents enclosed by high fences; 6) Barren stockades; 7) Barren ground.
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